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Safari Species List

Species at Sustainable Safari®

Sustainable Safari® has 98+ species of animals to view or interact with! Click the links below to learn more about each species.

Note: Some animals become unavailable due to scheduling and rotation.

Mammals

African Crested Porcupine

DIET: The African Crested Porcupine is an herbivore. It eats bark, roots, fallen fruits, and even cultivated crops.

  • The African Crested Porcupine is the largest porcupine in the world. They are the second largest rodent in the world, after the capybara. 
  • The African porcupine is nocturnal and will do the majority of foraging alone and at night. 
  • It is a myth that porcupines can launch their quills. When confronted with predators, this porcupine raises its 18–22 inch quills into a sharp barrier between itself and predators.
  • When threatened, porcupines stomp their feet to rattle their hollow tail quills to scare away predators.
Agouti

DIET: The Red Rumped Agouti is an herbivore. It eats nuts, roots, and other vegetation. 

  • The name “agouti” is derived from either Guarani or Tupi, both South American indigenous languages, in which the name is written variously as agutí, agoutí, or acutí. The Portuguese term for these animals, cutia, is derived from this original naming.
  • This animal is notorious for being able to open Brazil nuts, one of the hardest nuts to crack. They are vital to the growth and sustainability of the rainforests because they spread and bury seeds.
  • When alarmed, its fur can stand up on end like a porcupine! This reaction is called piloerection; when hair stands on end. Humans have a similar reaction when we get goosebumps. The scientific name Dasyprocta means fuzzy butt!
  • The agouti is a quick and agile animal. It can jump nearly 6 feet in the air. It is able to run only one hour after birth!

American Porcupine

DIET: The American Porcupine is an herbivore. They forage on greens, roots, tubers, bark, and anything else they can find.

  • American porcupines spend most of their time on the ground, but they also climb up trees to forage for food. 
  • They are covered in over 25,000 barbed quills. It’s a common myth that they shoot them out, but that’s not the case. Instead, they warn off predators by fanning out their quills and slapping their tails on the ground. If the predator persists, the porcupine whips their tail into the animal leaving its quills stuck in the predator’s skin. 
  • Baby porcupines are called porcupettes!
Armadillo (Six-banded)

DIET: The Six-banded Armadillo is an omnivore. The majority of their diet consists of plants, fruits, and vegetation. They, however eat any bugs they can find.

  • The Six-banded Armadillo is a nocturnal, terrestrial, and solitary animal that lives in dry habitats like deserts.
  • They have very poor eyesight. They use their excellent sense of smell to find prey and to stay clear of predators.
  • Armadillo armor is made of thick plates of bone covered in keratin. Keratin is the same material as human fingernails! 
  • They can’t roll into a ball like the Three-banded Armadillo. Instead, they are excellent diggers, which help provide cover from any predators.

Asian Small-clawed Otter
Otter-Experience

DIET: The Small-Clawed Otter is a carnivore. They will eat fish, frogs, crustaceans, insects, and snakes.

  • The Small-clawed Otter is built for swimming. Their bodies are well adapted for it as well. They have a powerful tail that helps them change direction in the water. They also are able to close off their ears and nostrils to keep water out.
  • Otters are highly social animals. They do well in groups of 3 or more, and they have several calls and yips that they use for communication. 
  • They are monogamous, mating with the same partner their entire lives. 
  • Their fur is so dense that they have over 450,000 hairs per square inch!

Binturong / Bearcat

The Bearcat is an omnivore. It eats small animals, eggs, and bugs. Their primary diet consists of various fruits, and bearcats especially love bananas!

  • This animal is incredibly nimble and can easily hop through the thick forest trees. 
  • The binturong is the largest animal in the world with a prehensile tail, which they use to hang upside down or securely hang on to the trees. 
  • Do you smell buttered popcorn? That’s the natural musk of the binturong! 
  • Binturongs, nicknamed bearcats for obvious reasons, are classified with a small family of carnivorous mammals called Viverrids.
Bush Baby

DIET: The Bushbaby is an omnivore and will eat plants, small animals, and bugs. Their diet also consists of fruit, tree sap, small prey, and insects.

  • The Bushbaby, also known as the Brown Greater Galago, is a nocturnal animal that has huge eyes that catch the light even in the darkest environments. They are often called night monkeys.
  • They are found in forests all over Africa. They easily blend into their environment with their dark brown fur. 
  • This animal is very territorial, often showing aggression when lesser animals enter its territory. They mark their territory by urinating on their hands and jumping from trees to spread their scent.

Capybara

DIET: Capybaras are herbivores. They eat plants along shorelines. Capybaras may eat their feces, which contain beneficial bacteria to digest the fiber from grass.

  • This animal has extremely keen senses and is on high alert for predators at all times, often fleeing at the slightest sign of danger. 
  • Patagonian Cavies have one to three pups per litter. They communally care for their young while the males keep a lookout for predators. 
  • Patagonian Cavies are monogamous and mate for life.
  • Cavies are in the rodent family.
Chinchilla

DIET: Chinchillas are primarily herbivorous. They eat a wide variety of vegetation, including grass, seeds, and leaves. They also will eat bugs.

  • The Chinchilla lives in mountainous areas. They live in crevices and dens at elevations of up to 16,000 feet. They thrive in cold temperatures.
  • Chinchillas have incredibly dense fur, with up to 100 hairs per follicle. Humans have only 1-3 hairs per follicle.
  • They have a unique defense mechanism against predators known as the “fur slip” when the chinchilla feels threatened. They create a diversion by releasing large clumps of fur, distracting the predator so the chinchilla can make a quick escape.
Fennec Fox

Fennec walking on a log bridge.

DIET: Fennec Foxes eat small insects such as grasshoppers, locusts, and worms. They also eat fruits, vegetation, and small prey.

  • The Fennec Foxes have excellent hearing. They use it to locate small prey under the ground.
  • They are desert animals and have adapted well to this environment. Their pale fur allows them to blend into the sand. They are also nocturnal, allowing them to sleep in their cool burrows during the hottest parts of the day.
  • Their ears work like built-in AC units, blood vessels catching any cool breezes and circulating the coolness through their body.
Greater Grison / Galictis

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  • The Grison is in the mustelid family, related to otters, badgers, and minks.
  • When threatened, they produce a foul-smelling fluid to mark their territory and to warn off predators. 
  • They are primarily diurnal, however, they will be active during the night as well. 
  • They are usually found by themselves as they are very territorial animals, but they pair up during mating.

Coatimundi

DIET: The Coatimundi is an omnivore. It uses its long nose to poke under rocks and into crevices to find bugs and small prey. It uses long sharp claws to tear apart rotting logs or dig for food.

  • The Coatimundi is a distant relative of the raccoon. They are in the family Procyonidae.
  • A group of coatimundis is called a band. Each band contains anywhere from 15 to 20 individuals. 
  • Coatis are very curious and resourceful creatures, often found around highly populated human areas, scrounging for leftover foods.
  • The Coati is a diurnal animal that is most active during the daytime. During the night, they cuddle up together to sleep in the trees.

Guinea Pig

DIET: Guinea Pigs are herbivores. They feed on an extensive range of leaves, twigs, flowers, grasses, and fruit.

  • Despite being called guinea pigs, they are not in the pig family nor from Papua New Guinea. They are South American rodents.
  • Male guinea pigs are called boars, while females are called sows. Babies are called pups.
  • They are highly social animals, often found in groups of 10 or more in the wild.
  • When excited, they jump up and down while yipping. This is called “popcorning”!

Kinkajou

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DIET: Their diet consists mainly of fruit and nectar.

  • The Kinkajou, also known as the “honey bear,” is a close relative of raccoons and coatimundis. 
  • They have a very long, narrow tongue, which they use to lap up flower nectar and honey from beehives.
  • Kinkajous are essential pollinators. They catch the pollen of flowers on their face ad spread it as they go from flower to flower, drinking the nectar.
  • They are able to turn their feet in the opposite direction and run backward just as swiftly as running forwards! They also have long prehensile tails that aid them in climbing through trees. 
Miniature Zebu

DIET: The Zebu is an herbivore, like all cattle. They are grazers, so they will feed on any grass they can find.

  • The Miniature Zebu is a herd animal, meaning they travel in large groups of their species for protection from predators.
  • In India, the Zebu is considered a sacred animal, and eating them is prohibited. 
  • Similar to a camel, the miniature zebu has a hump on its back that is used for fat storage in times of food scarcity. They also use their humps to help dissipate their body heat.
  • The Zebu has been domesticated to be productive for farming in hot and humid climates.

Muntjac Deer

DIET: The Reeves’s Muntjac feeds on shrubs, herbs, flowers, and various greens that they can find on the forest floor.

  • The Reeves’s Muntjac is a solitary animal. It dislikes other muntjacs in its territory and will fight but is open to mates during the mating season. 
  • The Muntjac is also known as the barking deer. They bark when alarmed, sounding similar to a big dog. 
  • They are native to Asia, but they have a thriving population in Europe after being introduced in the 19th century.
  • Muntjac has large scent glands under their eyes that they can open up to clean with their long tongue.
Nyala Antelope

DIET: The Nyala is an herbivore. They feed on a large range of leaves, twigs, flowers, grasses, and fruit. They can survive on low amounts of water in times of scarcity.

  • The Nyala is not a particularly strong or fast animal.
  • Their primary defense against predators is their natural ability to camouflage into their environment.
  • Male and female Nyala look so different from each other, that they can be mistaken as completely different species. Females will not have horns when fully grown.
  • The Nyala live in thick forests and woodlands and will normally be found next to a permanent water source.
Owl Monkey

DIET: The Owl Monkey is an omnivore. They will eat bugs, fruits, eggs, and any edible vegetation they can find.

  • The Owl Monkey (also known as the “night monkey”) is a small nocturnal primate from South America.
  • They never stray far from their territories, claiming one or two trees as their territory and only leaving to eat. 
  • Baby owl monkeys will cling to their mother’s backs until they are about 5 months old. 
  • They are the only nocturnal new world monkey!
  • They are monogamous, they will bond and mate with one partner for the duration of their lives.
Palawan Porcupine

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DIET: They usually feed on roots, tubers, bark, carrion, insects, vegetation, and fallen fruits. 

  • The Palawan Porcupine is considered an “Old World Porcupine”, which means that it only walks on the ground, while “New World Porcupines” also climb trees.
  • No porcupines can shoot their quills; that is a myth! Instead, they will fan their quills out, similar to a peacock, to create a sharp barrier between themselves and the predator.
  • To stay safe from scavengers, they will dig deep burrows in the ground and live in their dens. 
  • Porcupines are a part of the rodent family. They are related to mice and capybaras.

Prairie Dog

DIET: These animals come out during the day to eat grasses, flowers, roots, seeds, and sometimes insects.

  • Prairie Dogs are very communicative animals, known for their excited “yahoos,” where they jump up and cheer.
  • Prairie dogs greet each other by “kissing”. They will go up to their friend and touch their teeth together.
  • This animal is very social, living in an underground burrow called a prairie dog town. 
  • Coyotes, badgers, and eagles are their main predators.
Raccoon

DIET: The Raccoon is an omnivore and an opportunistic eater, so they feed on anything edible and convenient.

  • The Raccoon is in the Procyonidae family. They are related to the Olingo, Coatimundi, Kinkajou, and the Ringtail cat.
  • Raccoons have some of the most dextrous hands found in nature.  
  • They are among the few species of animals that have benefited from the rise in the human population. 
  • They are intelligent animals, that are able to problem solve and work out complex puzzles and remember the solution.

Red Fox

Info coming soon! -Safari Dev Team

Red Kangaroo

DIET: The kangaroo is an herbivore. They rely on Australia’s dense thickets of brush and grass for food. They will also munch on flowers, roots and tubers, and vegetation.

  • The Red Kangaroo is a tripedal animal that relies on its large muscular tails to remain upright and walk around. Their tails help them keep their balance when jumping distances of up to 25 feet.
  • Only the size of a bumblebee when born, the blind kangaroo joey climbs all the way up into momma’s pouch, where it will live and grow for 6-9 months!
  • A full-grown male kangaroo can reach up to 7 feet tall!
  •  A group of kangaroos is known as a mob.

Ring-tailed Lemur

DIET: The Ring-tailed Lemur is an omnivore. They eat a wide variety of food, including fruit, greens, bugs, and even small invertebrates.

  • Lemurs are not really monkeys. They are a lesser primate. 
  • While most monkeys like apes and capuchins are greater primates.
  • Lemurs are capable of over 20 distinct vocal calls. Lemurs are social animals that live in groups of three or more. 
  • Lemurs from “matriarchies,” which means that their group leader is always female. The highest ranked male will always be ranked lower than even the lowest ranked female.
Rock Hyrax

Curious rock hyrax in Tsitsikamma National Park, South Africa.

DIET: The Hyrax is an herbivore. They eat a wide variety of vegetation and can even eat grasses usually dangerous for other animals.

  • The Rock Hyrax is well adapted to mountainous environments and able to climb rocks and cliffs swiftly. 
  • Their closest living relative is, surprisingly, the elephant!
  • When alarmed, the Hyrax will make a snarling bark-like sound to scare off predators.
  • They are highly social animals that live in groups of 5–20 individuals. They are a very close-knit family grouping that fiercely protects their young.
Spotted Skunk

DIET: The Skunk is an omnivore. They eat bugs, meat, vegetation, fallen fruits, and foraged human trash.

  • Skunks are nocturnal animals that have a unique and well-known defense mechanism against predators: spraying.
  • Skunks have a limited amount of spray in their body that needs time to replenish. To reserve their spray, they will try to scare predators off by stomping their feet or even kicking themselves up into a handstand.
  • They are excellent diggers and will live in underground dens that they dig themselves.
  • Skunks are immune to snake venom and bee stings.

Striped Skunk

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DIET: The Striped Skunk is an omnivore, they will eat bugs, meat, vegetation, and fallen fruits, and they forage around for food in the trash.

  • Skunks are nocturnal animals that have a unique and well-known defense mechanism against predators: spraying.
  • Skunks have a limited amount of spray in their body that needs time to replenish. To reserve their spray, they will try to scare predators off by stomping their feet or even kicking themselves up into a handstand.
  • They are excellent diggers and will live in underground dens that they dig themselves.
  • Skunks are immune to snake venom and bee stings.

Tamandua Anteater

Anteater Feeding

DIET: Tamanduas mostly eat ants and termites.

  • The Lesser Tamandua is a slow-moving animal that is in the Myremecophagidae family, which means ant eaters in Latin.
  • Their body is unique. They have leathery hard skin, exceptionally long claws, a prehensile tail, and a long, skinny tongue.  
  • They use their strong claws to break into things like termite mounds and old logs to find food. Their long tongue can scoop up tiny bugs. 
  • They are primarily arboreal animals, meaning they spend most of their time in trees.

Virginia Opossum

Baby Opossum Holding

DIET: The Virginia Opossum is an omnivore. They will eat anything they can find and catch. They can eat their whole body weight in disease-carrying ticks, which is great for us humans.

  • The Virginia Opossum is North America’s only marsupial. They have 10-14 bumblebee-sized babies that crawl into their pouch after birth.
  • They are immune to rattlesnake venom! They withstand the venom of up to 70 bites. They can do this because of peptides in their blood.  
  • They have more teeth than any North American mammal!
  • Opossums are nocturnal. They will sleep during the day and come out at night to feed on any slow-moving prey they can find.

Wallaby

DIET: The Bennett Wallaby feeds on any available vegetation. In times of drought, they eat roots.

  • The Bennett Wallaby, also known as the Red-Necked Wallaby, is in the macropod family, so they are related to kangaroos, tree kangaroos, and quokkas.
  • Wallabies and kangaroos are marsupials. So when their bumblebee-sized joeys are born, they crawl into the momma’s pouch, where they do the rest of their development. 
  • They are most active at dawn and dusk to avoid the midday heat. 
  • They are solitary but not territorial animals, bounding away at the first sign of danger.
Woodchuck

DIET: The groundhog is an herbivore. They will eat any edible vegetation they can find, often raiding people’s gardens.

  • The Groundhog, also known as the Woodchuck or Whistle-pig, is in the rodent family. They get their alternative name, “Whistle-pig,” from the high pitch call they use to alert their colonies of any danger.
  • They spend their springs, summers, and falls gorging themselves on food to prepare for winter. Then they hibernate until the spring, or until Groundhog Day. 
  • Groundhogs have a holiday named after them; according to tradition, if a groundhog sees its shadow on February 2nd, you can expect 6 more weeks of winter.
White-tailed Deer

DIET: Each season provides fruits and greens to the White-tailed deer.
They feed on greens and fruit like apples and berries in the warm months. In the colder seasons, they feed on nuts, acorns, and crops.

  • White-tailed Deer have 297 million olfactories (smell) receptors. A dog only has 5 million. They can smell up to 1,320 feet away!
  • Male white-tailed deer grow and shed their antlers annually. The largest deers drop their antlers sooner, but generally, they start dropping them in January.
  • This deer species can be found from Southern Canada to South America. They live in meadows and coniferous forests where they can find shade.

Alpaca – Alpaca

Alpine Goat – Alpine Goat

Dwarf Armadillo – Pichi

Ferret – Ferret

Goat – American Pygmy

Kunekune Pig – Kunekune

Llama – Llama

Mangalica Pig – Mangalica

Patagonian Mara – Patagonian Mara

Rabbit – Rabbit

Ring-tailed Cat – Ring-tailed Cat

Sunda Porcupine – Sunda Porcupine

Reptiles & Other

Reptiles

American Alligator

DIET: Alligators are opportunistic carnivores. They eat anything that falls in the water, whether that’s fruit from trees or unlucky animals.

  • The alligator conserves energy by lazing around for days before it eats. It typically will not actively seek out prey. 
  • Alligators spend the majority of their days on the floors of river beds. Full-grown alligators can hold their breath for up to eight hours!
  • When full grown, gators have a bite force of 2120+ PSI. They also have the second strongest bite, second to the crocodile.
  • Alligators can go through more than 2000 teeth in their lifetime!

African Sideneck Turtle – Pelomedusidae

Bearded Dragon – Bearded Dragon

Boa Constrictor – Boa Constrictor

Blackbelly Racerunner Lizard – Aspidoscelis Deppii

Blue Iguana – Blue Iguana

Blue-tongued Skink – Blue-tongued Skink

Cane Toad – Cane Toad

Central American Banded Gecko – Central American Banded Gecko

Chameleon – Chameleon

Chubby Frog – Banded Bullfrog

Club-tailed Iguana – Ctenosaura Quinquecarinata

Colombian Red-footed Tortoise – Red-footed Tortoise

Corn Snake – Corn Snake

Cuban Tree Frog – Cuban Tree Frog

Day Gecko – Phelsuma

Diamondback Terrapin – Diamondback Terrapin

Emerald Swift – Sceloporus Malachiticus

Emma Gray’s Forest Lizard – Calotes Emma

Florida Softshell Turtle – Florida Softshell Turtle

Gargoyle Gecko – Gargoyle Gecko

Gibba Turtle – Mesoclemmys Gibba

Green Frog – Lithobates Clamitans

Green Iguana – Green Iguana

Hinge-Back Tortoise – Bell’s Hinge-back Tortoise

Krefft’s Sideneck Turtle – Emydura

Kwangtung Pond Turtle – Red-necked Pond Turtle

Leopard Frog – Leopard Frog

Mata Mata Turtle – Mata Mata

Ouachita Map Turtle – Ouachita Map Turtle

Painted River Terrapin – Painted Terrapin

Painted Turtle – Painted Turtle

Pink Belly Snapper Turtle – Red-bellied Short-necked Turtle

Pixie Frog – African Bullfrog

Poison Dart Frog – Poison Dart Frog

Red-eared Slider Turtle – Red-eared slider

Scorpion Mud Turtle – Scorpion Mud Turtle

Skink – Skink

Snapping Turtle – Common Snapping Turtle

Speke’s Hinge-back Tortoise – Speke’s Hinge-back Tortoise

Spiny Softshell Turtle – Spiny Softshell Turtle

Stinkpot Musk Turtle – Sternotherus Odoratus

Sulcata Tortoise – African Spurred Tortoise

West African Helmeted Turtle – African Helmeted Turtle

Wood Frog – Wood Frog

Birds

Emu

DIET: The Emu is an herbivore. It will eat seeds, fruits, flowers, and young shoots.

  • The Emu is not a very intelligent animal. Their eyes are larger than their brain!
  • While they are flightless, they are excellent runners and swimmers.
  • The emu is a part of the ratite family, which also includes the cassowary, ostriches, and rheas. 
  • Back in 1932, Australia waged war on a large population of emus that were raiding farmers’ crops. Humans lost the war.
  • Emu lays green eggs!

Parakeet / Budgerigar
Parakeets-being-hand-fed-on-seed-sticks

DIET: Parakeets are herbivores. A vast majority of their diet consists of seeds, but they also eat fruits and vegetation.

  • Parakeets are native to Australia and are known as “budgies”.
  • They have fast-growing beaks that can grow over 3 inches a year. They need to chew on branches or toys to wear down their beaks so they don’t overgrow!
  • They have acute vision and are even able to move each of their eyes independently. 
  • Female parakeets have pink or brow ceres, while males have blue/purple cere. The cere is the tiny bit of skin around their nostrils.

Chicken/Rooster – Chicken

Duck – Duck

Parakeet/Budgerigar – Budgerigar

Insects/Arachnids/Invertebrates

Giant Millipede – Archispirostreptus Gigas

Tarantula – Tarantula